There are six different types of murders recognized in the state of Tennessee. One of these types is called first-degree murder and involves three main subtypes called premeditated murder, felony murder, and bomb murders. Understanding the differences between these three types of first-degree murder is important for knowing the potential legal consequences.
Depending on the category you fall in and what your case involves, you may face different types of legal consequences from jail time to the death penalty. Talk to an experienced Tennessee criminal law lawyer to find out more about where you stand and what your criminal trial may involve.
Types of First-Degree Murder
The three main are premeditated murder, felony murder, and bomb murder. Premeditation is legally defined as the intentional killing of another person. This might mean the person thought
about and planned the murder for a long time before eventually acting upon this plan. However, premeditated murder can also mean the person had a brief intent to kill the other person right before doing so.
Felony murders involve murders committed during a felony crime. Some felony crimes associated with first-degree murder in Tennessee include rape, arson, terrorism, burglary, theft, kidnapping, and child abuse. Other felonies are not usually considered with first-degree murder. Murder committed during these felonies includes accidental murder. This means a murder committed during a felony does not necessarily have to be intentional for that murder to be considered first-degree murder.
Bomb murders happen when a person is found responsible for the death of another person that was caused by an explosion. This can happen when a person creates or buys a bomb with the intent to kill other people and goes through with this plan. However, you can also be charged with a bomb murder if you did not intend to make the bomb kill anyone.
Legal Consequences of First-Degree Murder
The main types of for first-degree murder in Tennessee are a life sentence with or without parole and the death penalty. Certain types of murder situations will make you more eligible for either of these consequences.
Murder situations that will more likely lead to the death penalty are ones that involve specific factors such as the following:
- Person killed was less than 12 years old or age 70 and older
- Person killed was someone who worked in the court system
- Person killed was working in the police department
- The murder was cruel or heinous
- Previous convictions for felonies
- The mass murder of three or more people
- Murder committed with terrorism
There are other specific factors can increase your chances of receiving the death penalty. Talk to a lawyer to find out more about this and what you should avoid in a criminal case.